Paddy is the principal crop here , and the central plains of Chhattisgarh are known as rice bowl of central India. Other major crops on which we focus are coarse grains, wheat, maize, groundnut, pulses, and oilseeds. The region is also suitable for growing mango, banana, guava & other fruits and a variety of vegetables; with 44 percent of its area under forests it has one of the richest bio-diversity areas in the country. It has abundant minor forest produce like Tendu leaves, Sal seed, etc. Medicinal plants, bamboo, lac, and honey are other potential money earners for the state.
Chhattisgarh has embarked on a concerted plan to increase double cropped areas, diversify the cropping pattern, and improve incomes from agro-based small-scale enterprises.
To unlock the true potential of agriculture sector in the state, government is paying special attention towards better management of its resources, Chhattisgarh Agricon Samiti, in collaboration with International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Manila is working on a project with the objective that the improved varieties of paddy suitable for the state can be effectively reached to maximum number of farmers. It can also help in increasing crop productivity and availability of seeds.
We are mentoring Framers in On field trials of the new paddy varieties. On field trial is basically a scientific and established method of comparative testing of improved varieties in farmers' fields so that new varieties of better performing seeds can be selected and made available to farmers.